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The question of whether Vance was dead or not became more than academic when he found himself in a bathtub up to his chin in ice water like some forgotten cocktail garnish, a demonic woman standing over him, and no memory of how he got there.
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Read free chapters of Dispensing Justice here (or get it here).
Read free chapters of The Red Rook here (or get it here). -- Fritz Freiheit

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Framing device

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Framing device

The term framing device refers to the usage of the same single action, scene, event, setting, or any element of significance at both the beginning and end of an artistic, musical, or literary work. The repeated element thus creates a ‘frame’ within which the main body of work can develop. -- Source Framing device at Wikipedia (e)


From Film and TV[edit]

Big Trouble in Little China
The character Egg Shen narrates to his lawyer what actually happened.
Heavy Metal (1981)
This movie is a sequence of short stories woven together by the framing device of an evil artifact showing past events to its intended victim.
The Princess Bride (1987)
In the film, the framing device is the reading of The Princess Bride novel to a sick boy (Fred Savage) by his grandfather (Peter Falk).
The Usual Suspects
One of the story's main characters (as an unreliable narrator) relates his story as testimony to the investigating police.
Other examples include
Citizen Kane, Forrest Gump, How I Met Your Mother, Sucker Punch (2011), and Titanic (1997).

From Literature[edit]

Dray Prescott stories (starting with Transit to Scorpio)
Dray Prescott is recording the stories (n first person) for Alan Burt Akers.
The Name of the Wind by Patrick Rothfuss
The narrator Kvothe tells his story to a scribe.
One Thousand and One Nights
Scheherazade is telling the Sultan Shahryar stories every night to save her life.
The Princess Bride
In the novel (as versus the film) the author William Goldman uses the general framing device that he is abridging a longer work (also called the The Princess Bride) by a S. Morgenstern. Both the longer version of The Princess Bride and the author S. Morgenstern are fictional.
A Princess of Mars (1917) by Edgar Rice Burroughs (Kindle, Paperback, Audio)
John Carter is relating the story (in first person).
Many of P.G. Wodehouse's stories are framed by narrators telling a story to other characters.
"Goodbye to All Cats" and other stories from members of the Drones Club, see Young Men in Spats.
Other examples include
The Canterbury Tales, I, Robot, The Iron Dream, A Study in Scarlett, the Sherlock Holmes stories, and The Time Machine.

From Fritz's stories[edit]

Dispensing Justice
Michael narrates the majority of the story as a flashback.
"The Shaper's Daughter"
Narrator frame is in first person while the story is told in a third person flashback.
"Winters' Unexpected Arrival" and "A Sword in the Spokes"
Pelly tells these stories at the Dares Club in a fashion similar to the P.G. Wodehouse's Drones Club stories.


Framing Device (category) (e)

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